Example Dense Image Features

From BoofCV

Dense image features are image descriptors that are computed across the whole image. They can be computed very fast and are used in many detection/recognition tasks. Example Code:


  • Feature Descriptors
  • Object Detection

See Examples:

Example Code

 * This example shows you how to compute dense image features. They are typically used for classification and
 * recognition type tasks. They are very fast to compute and were considered state of the art until around 2012.
 * This example doesn't really do anything useful. All it does is compute and print out the features for the sake
 * of simplicity. A more flushed out example with a use case can be found in
 * {@link boofcv.examples.recognition.ExampleClassifySceneKnn}.
 * For a visualization of HOG features see https://youtu.be/qMTtdiujAtQ?t=437.
 * @author Peter Abeles
public class ExampleDenseImageFeatures {

	// Here's an example of how to use the high level interface. There are a variety of algorithms to choose from
	// For much larger images you might need to shrink the image down or change the cell size to get good results.
	public static void HighLevel( GrayF32 input) {
		System.out.println("\n------------------- Dense High Level");
		DescribeImageDense<GrayF32,TupleDesc_F64> describer = FactoryDescribeImageDense.
				hog(new ConfigDenseHoG(),input.getImageType());
//				sift(new ConfigDenseSift(),GrayF32.class);
//				surfFast(new ConfigDenseSurfFast(),GrayF32.class);

		// process the image and compute the dense image features

		// print out part of the first few features
		System.out.println("Total Features = "+describer.getLocations().size());
		for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
			Point2D_I32 p = describer.getLocations().get(i);
			TupleDesc_F64 d = describer.getDescriptions().get(i);

			System.out.printf("%3d %3d = [ %f %f %f %f\n",p.x,p.y,d.value[0],d.value[1],d.value[2],d.value[3]);

	public static void LowLevelHOG( GrayF32 input ) {
		DescribeDenseHogFastAlg<GrayF32> describer = FactoryDescribeImageDenseAlg.
				hogFast(new ConfigDenseHoG(), ImageType.single(GrayF32.class));

		// The low level API gives you access to more information about the image. You can explicitly traverse it
		// by rows and columns, and access the histogram for a region. The histogram has an easy to understand
		// physical meaning.

		// Let's print a few parameters because. They can be modified using the configuration class passed in
		System.out.println("\n------------------- HOG Low Level");
		System.out.println("HOG pixels per cell "+describer.getPixelsPerCell());
		System.out.println("HOG region width "+describer.getRegionWidthPixelX());
		System.out.println("HOG region height "+describer.getRegionWidthPixelY());
		System.out.println("HOG bins "+describer.getOrientationBins());

		// go through all the cells in the image. If you only wanted to process part of the image it could be done here
		// In the high level API the order of cells isn't specified and might be in some arbitrary order or in some
		// cases might even skip regions depending on the implementation. HOG will allways compute a cell

		for ( int i = 0; i < describer.getCellRows(); i++ ) {
			for (int j = 0; j < describer.getCellCols(); j++) {
				DescribeDenseHogFastAlg.Cell c = describer.getCell(i,j);

				// this is where you could do processing on an individual cell

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		BufferedImage buffered = UtilImageIO.loadImage(UtilIO.pathExample("segment/berkeley_man.jpg"));
		GrayF32 input = ConvertBufferedImage.convertFrom(buffered,(GrayF32)null);