Example Non Maximum Suppression

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Non-maximum suppression is a class of algorithm used to find local peaks and minimums inside a feature intensity image. This example demonstrations how to use efficient algorithms inside of BoofCV to quickly find extremes. Example Code:


  • Feature detection

Related Examples:

Example Code

 * Non-maximum suppression is used to identify local maximums and/or minimums in an image feature intensity map.  This
 * is a common step in feature detection.  BoofCV includes an implementation of non-maximum suppression which is much
 * faster than the naive algorithm that is often used because of its ease of implementation.  The following code
 * demonstrates how some of the tuning parameters affects the final output.
 * @author Peter Abeles
public class ExampleNonMaximumSupression {
	public static BufferedImage renderNonMax( GrayF32 intensity, int radius , float threshold) {
		// Create and configure the feature detector
		NonMaxSuppression nonmax = FactoryFeatureExtractor.nonmax(new ConfigExtract(radius, threshold ));
		// We will only searching for the maximums.  Other variants will look for minimums or will exclude previous
		// candidate detections from being detected twice
		QueueCorner maximums = new QueueCorner();
		nonmax.process(intensity, null, null, null, maximums );
		// Visualize the intensity image
		BufferedImage output = new BufferedImage(intensity.width,intensity.height, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
		VisualizeImageData.colorizeSign(intensity, output, -1);
		// render each maximum with a circle
		Graphics2D g2 = output.createGraphics();
		for (int i = 0; i < maximums.size(); i++) {
			Point2D_I16 c = maximums.get(i);
			VisualizeFeatures.drawCircle(g2, c.x, c.y, radius);
		return output;
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		BufferedImage buffered = UtilImageIO.loadImage(UtilIO.pathExample("standard/boat.jpg"));
		GrayF32 input = ConvertBufferedImage.convertFrom(buffered, (GrayF32)null);
		// Compute the image gradient
		GrayF32 derivX = input.createSameShape();
		GrayF32 derivY = input.createSameShape();
		GImageDerivativeOps.gradient(DerivativeType.SOBEL, input, derivX, derivY, BorderType.EXTENDED);
		// From the gradient compute intensity of shi-tomasi features
		GeneralFeatureIntensity<GrayF32,GrayF32> featureIntensity =
				FactoryIntensityPoint.shiTomasi(3,false, GrayF32.class);
		featureIntensity.process(input, derivX, derivY, null, null , null);
		GrayF32 intensity = featureIntensity.getIntensity();
		ListDisplayPanel panel = new ListDisplayPanel();
		panel.addImage(buffered, "Input Image");
		// hack to just show intensity - no features can be detected
		panel.addImage(renderNonMax(intensity, 10, Float.MAX_VALUE),  "Intensity Image");
		// Detect maximums with different settings and visualize the results
		panel.addImage(renderNonMax(intensity, 3, -Float.MAX_VALUE),  "Radius 3");
		panel.addImage(renderNonMax(intensity, 3, 30000),    "Radius 3  threshold");
		panel.addImage(renderNonMax(intensity, 20, -Float.MAX_VALUE), "Radius 10");
		panel.addImage(renderNonMax(intensity, 20, 30000),   "Radius 10 threshold");
		ShowImages.showWindow(panel, "Non-Maximum Suppression", true);